Jessica Stockholder


The difference between voting shares and non-voting shares (dual-class approach). MergersMerger refers to a strategic process whereby two or more companies mutually form a new single legal venture. Heinz Co and Kraft Foods Group Inc merged their business to become Kraft Heinz Company, a leading global food and beverage firm. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘stockholder.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Following the literature on developed economies, one could also ask whether block stockholders such as pension funds affect executive compensation, leverage, and takeover activity22 in developing countries. Equity typically refers to shareholders’ equity, which represents the residual value to shareholders after debts and liabilities have been settled.

  • Capital refers to all sources of long-term financing—long-term debt and stockholder’s equity.
  • AcquisitionsAcquisition refers to the strategic move of one company buying another company by acquiring major stakes of the firm.
  • The number depends on the individual state’s business laws, but it’s usually defined as 35 shareholders.
  • In older, more established companies, majority shareholders are frequently related to company founders.
  • Fixed IncomeFixed Income refers to those investments that pay fixed interests and dividends to the investors until maturity.

By providing your email address below, you are providing consent to Alleghany to send you the requested Investor Email Alert updates. The declaration of dividends depends on many factors and is at the discretion of our Board of Directors. “Publication 550 investment income and Expenses.” Ordinary Dividends, Page 19.

Shareholders And Double Taxes

Shareholders may be granted special privileges depending on a share class. The board of directors of a corporation generally governs a corporation for the benefit of shareholders. The Balance SheetA balance sheet is one of the financial statements of a company that presents the shareholders’ equity, liabilities, and assets of the company at a specific point in time.

  • “stockholder”, in Lexico,; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  • This memorandum is provided by Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP and its affiliates for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended and should not be construed as legal advice.
  • It is applicable in partnership firms and limited liability companies.
  • Shareholders holding common stock have voting rights at the annual meeting, they get dividends when the corporation pays them, and they can sell their shares for a profit .
  • A stockholder is the owner of one or more shares of a corporation’s capital stock.
  • On Computershare’s website, stockholders of record may access their accounts to obtain their share balance, request printable forms and view the current market value of their investment as well as historical stock prices.

Board Of DirectorsBoard of Directors refers to a corporate body comprising a group of elected people who represent the interest of a company’s stockholders. The board forms the top layer of the hierarchy and focuses on ensuring that the company efficiently achieves its goals. Cost Of EquityCost of equity is the percentage of returns payable by the company to its equity shareholders on their holdings. It is a parameter for the investors to decide whether an investment is rewarding or not; else, they may shift to other opportunities with higher returns. Treasury StockTreasury Stock is a stock repurchased by the issuance Company from its current shareholders that remains non-retired. Moreover, it is not considered while calculating the Company’s Earnings Per Share or dividends.

Examples Of Stockholder Entity In A Sentence

He believed that such a large stockholder is entitled to some board seats. Look up any word in the dictionary offline, anytime, anywhere with the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary app. OvercapitalizationOvercapitalization refers to a scenario wherein a Company raises a capital amount that is way more than the worth of its fixed assets.

  • If your Dow shares are held in your name directly through Dow’s transfer agent, Computershare, then you are a registered stockholder.
  • Unfortunately, stockholders can and do interfere even where directors have no conflicts of interest and the board has conducted its own investigation and appropriately addressed the issue.
  • At the time, capital stock was defined as the total of its stockholder shares, with clearly defined par values.
  • Corporations can face a wave of stockholder actions purporting to enforce the corporations’ own legal rights, from books and records requests to derivative suits and litigation demands.
  • Persons who are not registered holders may also purchase shares through the Computershare CIP. Details about the Computershare CIP, including any fees and how to enroll, are available via Computershare’s website.
  • Companies unable to amplify the preliminary conditions of the supply, worried stockholders, local authorities involved in hasty rescue attempts.

But, so far, the courts have expanded, not retracted, these access rights. To opt-in for investor email alerts, please enter your email address in the field below and select at least one alert option. After submitting your request, you will receive an activation email to the requested email address.


The surety company receives the premium for providing the replacement indemnity bond and Computershare receives the processing fee. When sending stock certificates to Computershare, you should send them unendorsed via registered or certified mail, with return receipt requested, or some other form of traceable mail, and properly insured. Similarly, if the company is not doing good and not generating profit, the value of shares will decrease, and shareholders will lose their money.

  • Past proxy statements and annual reports can be downloaded from our website.
  • Indeed, under the business judgment rule, a cornerstone of Delaware law, an independent and disinterested board cannot be second-guessed legally by courts or stockholders.
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  • The surety company receives the premium for providing the replacement indemnity bond and Computershare receives the processing fee.
  • The board retains the authority to decide how to respond, including whether the corporation should file suit against those — including its own officers and directors — who may have harmed it.
  • An owner of a corporation’s shares of common stock is referred to as a common stockholder.
  • The rights of the shareholders are subordinated the rights of bond-holders so that shareholders lose the value of their shares if the corporation becomes bankrupt.

The corporation’s structure is such that the income earned by the business may be passed to shareholders. This includes any other benefits, such as credits/deductions and losses. Unlike the owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships, corporate shareholders are not personally liable for the company’s debts and other financial obligations. Therefore, if a company becomes insolvent, its creditors cannot target a shareholder’s personal assets. Shareholders also enjoy certain rights such as voting at shareholder meetings to approve the members of the board of directors, dividend distributions, or mergers. 1099-DIV’s are mailed either a) with the final dividend check or dividend reinvestment statement of the calendar year or b) no later than January 31.

A public company with stockholders incurs additional financial costs that include legal fees, holding stockholder meetings, investor relations and communication expenses. Still other stockholders will demand that the board itself initiate litigation against the officers or directors who allegedly harmed the company. The substance of these “demand refused” cases is typically the same as other derivative suits, but, because the initial procedural issues are distinct, they almost always proceed on a different track from other derivative litigation.

Personal Tools

We reserve the right to block IP addresses that submit excessive requests. Current guidelines limit users to a total of no more than 10 requests per second, regardless of the number of machines used to submit requests. Companies may request that derivative actions be stayed until the resolution of any underlying class actions growing out of the same events. For information regarding preferred stock and other capital securities, refer to the Fixed stockholder Income Investor Relations section of our site. A publicly held corporation sells securities in a public offering and it discloses certain business and financial information regularly to the public. Once the company reaches a certain size, it must comply with certain public reporting requirements mandated by the Securities and Exchange Commission . Shareholders are individuals, companies, or trusts that own shares of a for-profit corporation.


Who was present cannot complain that notice was not given to others; the objection is personal. S and homeowners have, some of them have gotten jobs that they otherwise might not have gotten. To access certain information; for publicly traded companies, this information is normally publicly available. LiquidationLiquidation is the process of winding up a business or a segment of the business by selling off its assets. The amount realized by this is used to pay off the creditors and all other liabilities of the business in a specific order. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.


Shareholders or stockholders own shares of publicly or privately held corporations. Their ownership also usually includes voting rights when it comes to certain company decisions. If you have shares of stock, you may have received a proxy notification from the company. Since many shareholders are not able to attend the annual meeting, they can vote by proxy.

Escheatment is the process by which abandoned or unclaimed property is transferred to a state, making the state the legal owner of the property. A stock account can be deemed abandoned by inactivity due to an incorrect mailing address, uncashed dividend checks, or no direct contact by the stockholder for a specified period of time.

They are paid a fixed rate of dividend, which is paid in priority to the dividend to be paid to the ordinary shareholders. Preference shareholders usually do not have voting rights in the company. A shareholder of a corporation is an individual or legal entity that is registered by the corporation as the legal owner of shares of the share capital of a public or private corporation. If shareholders approve the plan, each Nvidia stockholder of record on June 21 will receive a dividend of three additional shares of common stock for every share held, to be distributed after the close of trading on July 19. It is a cardinal precept of corporate law that directors, not stockholders, manage the business and affairs of the corporation.

Definition & Examples Of Shareholders

This benefit is countered by the lack of company voting rights owners of preferred stock have. Companies frequently find themselves looking on as stockholders sharp-elbow each other to gain control of the corporation’s litigation or race to be the first to seek corporate governance reforms.


Briefly, double taxation, as imposed by the IRS, is first a tax on the earnings of the corporation, then a tax on those earnings distributed to shareholders as dividends. That is, they have a few shareholders, most of whom know each other and in many cases, these shareholders are from the same family or have other business or personal relationships. Notifying Computershare promptly of a change on your mailing address for your registered stockholder account will reduce the possibility of a delay in receiving your dividend checks, statements and other important stockholder mailings.

It is based on the accounting equation that states that the sum of the total liabilities and the owner’s capital equals the total assets of the company. As noted above, a shareholder is an entity that owns one or more shares in a company’s stock or mutual fund. Being a shareholder (or a stockholder as they’re also often called) comes with certain rights and responsibilities.

If the company does not perform, then there is a chance that shareholders will lose their investment. DebenturesDebentures refer to long-term debt instruments issued by a government or corporation to meet its financial requirements. In return, investors are compensated with an interest income for being a creditor to the issuer.

“Stockholder,'” in technical terms, refers to a holder of stock, in which ‘stock’ can be inventory rather than shares of the company. “Shareholder,” on the other hand, strictly refers to equity shares of the company. Information about the performance of Dow stock is available at /investors. Louisville, KY, 40202, USA Please include your name, address, daytime telephone number and account number on all correspondence. To ensure our website performs well for all users, the SEC monitors the frequency of requests for content to ensure automated searches do not impact the ability of others to access content.

Preemptive Rights

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